Nearly 70% of all refugees come from five countries. 6.6 million refugees have been displaced from Syria.
Syria, bordered by vast mountain ranges, the Mediterranean Sea, and covered mostly in the expanse of the Syrian Desert offers not only a long history of cultural evolution but an accompanying blood shed associated with such movements. The region has seen much political unrest-- spanning centuries-- but this century is no different.
In a bloodless revolt, Hafez Al-Assad took power from the ruling civilian party in 1970. When he passed in 2000, the Syrian Government quickly amended the constitution to allow his 34 year old son, Bashar Al-Assad, to take power in his father’s place. This period in history was marred by much internal conflict and lives lost as exchanges continued between the ruling party and the civilian opposition.
Unrest in the region was aided by natural disaster. From 2006-2010, Syria experienced one of its worst droughts in history. Mass migration pushed rural villages into the already overpopulated urban centers. Infrastructure suffered due to the new influx of civilians. Along with this migration, a rise in anti-government protests advanced.